Origin of Life

October Meeting: Origins of Life and Possibility of Life Elsewhere

The main presentation of our October monthly meeting will be How and when did life start on Earth and what does that indicate for the possibility of life elsewhere? by Professor David Moriarty
A summary of the talk is below.

The October 2021 meeting will be a face-to-face meeting; attendees can also join in online via Zoom. Details emailed to members. Guests/visitors can contact us for Zoom details at .

Visitors are welcome to join our face-to-face or online meetings.

Please stay home and attend online if you have:
• fever or symptoms of respiratory infection (cough, sore throat, shortness of breath);
• returned from overseas in the last 14 days;
• been in close contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19: (coronavirus) in the last 14 days.

Talk Summary==================

From research in the fields of geology, geochemistry, biochemistry and molecular biology, we know that life started very early in Earth’s history. The Earth would have been habitable by about 4.3 billion years ago, i.e. about 300 million years after it formed. Life is based on networks of chemical reactions in cells of all organisms, using energy generated from electrochemical gradients of protons across membranes. The development of biochemistry from geochemistry is evidenced by the role of metal catalysts, in particular iron, nickel and copper, in electron transfer and synthesis of complex organic molecules. The rock record does not extend into the Hadean aeon 4 billion years ago and is fragmented in the Archaean aeon (3 to 4 billion years ago); rocks are transformed, compressed, heated, eroded and recycled. The earliest stromatolites date from 3.7 billion years ago and the oldest microbial fossils from 3.43 billion years ago. Stable carbon isotope ratios of 13C/12C in graphite and carbonates indicate life had started by 4.1 billion years ago.
The first microbes were anaerobic: there was no free oxygen in the water or atmosphere. They obtained their energy by using hydrogen to reduce carbon dioxide and produce organic molecules. For the evolution of complex higher organisms the transfer of electrons to oxygen is essential for the generation of the large amounts of energy needed. Oxygen was not present in sufficient concentration until about 2.4 billion years ago for the first protozoans to evolve and not at a high enough concentration for multicellular organisms to evolve until about 700 million years ago. A complex sequence of biological symbiotic events was needed for complex organisms to evolve, which makes it unlikely that intelligent life might be present elsewhere in our Galaxy or beyond.

Date

09 Oct 2021
Expired!

Time

4:00 pm - 6:00 pm
Parnell Lecture Theatre 07-222

Location

Parnell Lecture Theatre 07-222
Parnel Building, University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 4067
Category

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